download package tanpa install pada centos dan ubuntu

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Halo sobat sekolahlinux, kali ini saya akan coba membuat tutorial sederhana dan tidak terlalu wah, namun tutorial ini saya rasa sangat berguna, khususnya bagi saya yang saat ini sedang dalam project pembangunan infra server di client yang tidak dibolehkan medapat akses internet di dalam vm nya, jadi jika ingin install apps maka saya harus download package nya secara manual, namun terkadang satu apps / package memerlukan package lainnya untuk dapat berjalan atau bahasa lainnya dependencies, nah untuk mengakali itu semua saya membuat local repo pada server saya, namun pada tutorial kali ini saya tidak akan membahas bagaimana cara membuat local repo, namun saya akan membahas bagaimana caranya mendownload apps / package yang dibutuhkan beserta  dependencies nya pada os ubuntu dan centos tanpa harus menginstall package tersebut di server tempat kita mendownload package nya, oke langsung saja kita mulai

Centos:

secara default yum pada os centos 7 sudah mendukung untuk melakukan download tanpa install, namun jika ternyata belum mendukung maka kamu bisa menginstall package dibawah terlebih dahulu

yum install yum-plugin-downloadonly

jika sudah sekarang mari kita coba untuk melakukan download pada package yang kita inginkan, oh iya jika kita menggunakan metode ini maka biasanya yang terdownload bukan hanya package yang akan kita install saja, tapi juga dependency yang dibutuhkan package tersebut akan ikut terdownload, pertama mari kita buat dahulu folder untuk menampung  package & dependency yang akan kita download

mkdir /root/package

selanjutnya kita download package & dependency yang dibutuhkan dengan cara dibawah

yum install --downloadonly --downloaddir=/root/package/ python python-pip

maka prosesnya akan seperti dibawah ini

[root@localhost ~]# yum install --downloadonly --downloaddir=/root/package/ python-pip nginx
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: centos.biz.net.id
 * epel: mirror01.idc.hinet.net
 * extras: centos.biz.net.id
 * updates: centos.biz.net.id
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nginx.x86_64 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-filesystem = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-all-modules = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-filesystem for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libprofiler.so.0()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
---> Package python2-pip.noarch 0:8.1.2-6.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-setuptools for package: python2-pip-8.1.2-6.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package gperftools-libs.x86_64 0:2.6.1-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package nginx-all-modules.noarch 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-stream = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-mail = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-perl = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-image-filter = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-geoip = 1:1.12.2-2.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch
---> Package nginx-filesystem.noarch 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package python-setuptools.noarch 0:0.9.8-7.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-backports-ssl_match_hostname for package: python-setuptools-0.9.8-7.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nginx-mod-http-geoip.x86_64 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package nginx-mod-http-image-filter.x86_64 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: gd for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libgd.so.2()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
---> Package nginx-mod-http-perl.x86_64 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter.x86_64 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1(LIBXML2_1.0.18)(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1(LIBXML2_1.0.11)(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libexslt.so.0()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64
---> Package nginx-mod-mail.x86_64 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package nginx-mod-stream.x86_64 1:1.12.2-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package python-backports-ssl_match_hostname.noarch 0:3.5.0.1-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-ipaddress for package: python-backports-ssl_match_hostname-3.5.0.1-1.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: python-backports for package: python-backports-ssl_match_hostname-3.5.0.1-1.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package gd.x86_64 0:2.0.35-26.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libpng15.so.15(PNG15_0)(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libjpeg.so.62(LIBJPEG_6.2)(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libpng15.so.15()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libjpeg.so.62()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libfontconfig.so.1()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libXpm.so.4()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libX11.so.6()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
---> Package libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.28-5.el7 will be installed
---> Package python-backports.x86_64 0:1.0-8.el7 will be installed
---> Package python-ipaddress.noarch 0:1.0.16-2.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package fontconfig.x86_64 0:2.10.95-11.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: fontpackages-filesystem for package: fontconfig-2.10.95-11.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: font(:lang=en) for package: fontconfig-2.10.95-11.el7.x86_64
---> Package libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.5-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libX11-common >= 1.6.5-1.el7 for package: libX11-1.6.5-1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxcb.so.1()(64bit) for package: libX11-1.6.5-1.el7.x86_64
---> Package libXpm.x86_64 0:3.5.12-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package libjpeg-turbo.x86_64 0:1.2.90-5.el7 will be installed
---> Package libpng.x86_64 2:1.5.13-7.el7_2 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package fontpackages-filesystem.noarch 0:1.44-8.el7 will be installed
---> Package libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.5-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package libxcb.x86_64 0:1.12-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libXau.so.6()(64bit) for package: libxcb-1.12-1.el7.x86_64
---> Package lyx-fonts.noarch 0:2.2.3-1.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=======================================================================================================================================
 Package                                            Arch                  Version                            Repository           Size
=======================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 nginx                                              x86_64                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                530 k
 python2-pip                                        noarch                8.1.2-6.el7                        epel                1.7 M
Installing for dependencies:
 fontconfig                                         x86_64                2.10.95-11.el7                     base                229 k
 fontpackages-filesystem                            noarch                1.44-8.el7                         base                9.9 k
 gd                                                 x86_64                2.0.35-26.el7                      base                146 k
 gperftools-libs                                    x86_64                2.6.1-1.el7                        base                272 k
 libX11                                             x86_64                1.6.5-1.el7                        base                606 k
 libX11-common                                      noarch                1.6.5-1.el7                        base                164 k
 libXau                                             x86_64                1.0.8-2.1.el7                      base                 29 k
 libXpm                                             x86_64                3.5.12-1.el7                       base                 55 k
 libjpeg-turbo                                      x86_64                1.2.90-5.el7                       base                134 k
 libpng                                             x86_64                2:1.5.13-7.el7_2                   base                213 k
 libxcb                                             x86_64                1.12-1.el7                         base                211 k
 libxslt                                            x86_64                1.1.28-5.el7                       base                242 k
 lyx-fonts                                          noarch                2.2.3-1.el7                        epel                159 k
 nginx-all-modules                                  noarch                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 16 k
 nginx-filesystem                                   noarch                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 17 k
 nginx-mod-http-geoip                               x86_64                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 23 k
 nginx-mod-http-image-filter                        x86_64                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 26 k
 nginx-mod-http-perl                                x86_64                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 36 k
 nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter                         x86_64                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 26 k
 nginx-mod-mail                                     x86_64                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 54 k
 nginx-mod-stream                                   x86_64                1:1.12.2-2.el7                     epel                 76 k
 python-backports                                   x86_64                1.0-8.el7                          base                5.8 k
 python-backports-ssl_match_hostname                noarch                3.5.0.1-1.el7                      base                 13 k
 python-ipaddress                                   noarch                1.0.16-2.el7                       base                 34 k
 python-setuptools                                  noarch                0.9.8-7.el7                        base                397 k

Transaction Summary
=======================================================================================================================================
Install  2 Packages (+25 Dependent packages)

Total size: 5.3 M
Installed size: 19 M
Background downloading packages, then exiting:
exiting because "Download Only" specified

isi dari folder /root/package

[root@localhost ~]# ll -h /root/package/
total 5,5M
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 230K Aug 10  2017 fontconfig-2.10.95-11.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 9,9K Jul  4  2014 fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-8.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 146K Jul  4  2014 gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 273K Apr 25 18:02 gperftools-libs-2.6.1-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 135K Jul  4  2014 libjpeg-turbo-1.2.90-5.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 213K Dec 10  2015 libpng-1.5.13-7.el7_2.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 607K Aug 11  2017 libX11-1.6.5-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 164K Aug 11  2017 libX11-common-1.6.5-1.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  30K Jul  4  2014 libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 211K Aug 11  2017 libxcb-1.12-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  56K Aug 11  2017 libXpm-3.5.12-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 242K Jul  4  2014 libxslt-1.1.28-5.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 160K May 28  2017 lyx-fonts-2.2.3-1.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 531K Mar  6  2018 nginx-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  17K Mar  6  2018 nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  18K Mar  6  2018 nginx-filesystem-1.12.2-2.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  24K Mar  6  2018 nginx-mod-http-geoip-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  27K Mar  6  2018 nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  36K Mar  6  2018 nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  26K Mar  6  2018 nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  54K Mar  6  2018 nginx-mod-mail-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  77K Mar  6  2018 nginx-mod-stream-1.12.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1,7M Apr  4 20:30 python2-pip-8.1.2-6.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5,8K Mar 14  2015 python-backports-1.0-8.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  13K Apr 25 18:38 python-backports-ssl_match_hostname-3.5.0.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  35K Nov 21  2016 python-ipaddress-1.0.16-2.el7.noarch.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 397K Aug 11  2017 python-setuptools-0.9.8-7.el7.noarch.rpm

lalu bagaimana jika saya ingin mendownload package berdasarkan group, misal group development tools kamu bisa dengan menggunakan cara dibawah ini

yum group install --downloadonly --downloaddir=/root/package/ "development tools"

maka file-file package pada group development tools akan terdownload

Ubuntu:

pada ubuntu kita juga melakukan hal yang sama seperti yang kita lakukan pada centos, namun pada prakteknya akan sedikit berbeda, misal jika pada centos kita bisa menentukan di folder mana package yang kita download akan di letakan, pada ubuntu sudah ada  folder sendiri yang memang by default system ubuntu tetapkan yaitu di `/var/cache/apt/archives` oke langsung saja mari kita mencoba implementasinya

apt-get install --download-only apache2 nginx

maka prosesnya akan seperti dibawah ini

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  apache2-bin apache2-data apache2-utils fontconfig-config libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap
  libfontconfig1 libgd3 libjbig0 libjpeg-turbo8 libjpeg8 liblua5.1-0 libtiff5 libvpx3 libxpm4 nginx-common nginx-core ssl-cert
Suggested packages:
  www-browser apache2-doc apache2-suexec-pristine | apache2-suexec-custom libgd-tools fcgiwrap nginx-doc openssl-blacklist
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  apache2 apache2-bin apache2-data apache2-utils fontconfig-config libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap
  libfontconfig1 libgd3 libjbig0 libjpeg-turbo8 libjpeg8 liblua5.1-0 libtiff5 libvpx3 libxpm4 nginx nginx-common nginx-core ssl-cert
0 upgraded, 22 newly installed, 0 to remove and 10 not upgraded.
Need to get 3375 kB of archives.
After this operation, 12.7 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libapr1 amd64 1.5.2-3 [86.0 kB]
Get:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libaprutil1 amd64 1.5.4-1build1 [77.1 kB]
Get:3 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 amd64 1.5.4-1build1 [10.6 kB]
Get:4 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libaprutil1-ldap amd64 1.5.4-1build1 [8720 B]
Get:5 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 liblua5.1-0 amd64 5.1.5-8ubuntu1 [102 kB]
Get:6 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 apache2-bin amd64 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9 [925 kB]
Get:7 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 apache2-utils amd64 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9 [81.8 kB]                   
Get:8 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 apache2-data all 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9 [162 kB]                       
Get:9 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 apache2 amd64 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9 [86.6 kB]                         
Get:10 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libjpeg-turbo8 amd64 1.4.2-0ubuntu3.1 [111 kB]                   
Get:11 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libjbig0 amd64 2.1-3.1 [26.6 kB]                                         
Get:12 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 fontconfig-config all 2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1 [49.9 kB]               
Get:13 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libfontconfig1 amd64 2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1 [131 kB]                 
Get:14 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libjpeg8 amd64 8c-2ubuntu8 [2194 B]                                      
Get:15 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libtiff5 amd64 4.0.6-1ubuntu0.4 [148 kB]                         
Get:16 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libvpx3 amd64 1.5.0-2ubuntu1 [732 kB]                                    
Get:17 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libxpm4 amd64 1:3.5.11-1ubuntu0.16.04.1 [33.8 kB]                
Get:18 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libgd3 amd64 2.1.1-4ubuntu0.16.04.10 [126 kB]                    
Get:19 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 nginx-common all 1.10.3-0ubuntu0.16.04.2 [26.6 kB]               
Get:20 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 nginx-core amd64 1.10.3-0ubuntu0.16.04.2 [428 kB]                
Get:21 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 nginx all 1.10.3-0ubuntu0.16.04.2 [3490 B]                       
Get:22 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 ssl-cert all 1.0.37 [16.9 kB]                                            
Fetched 3375 kB in 29s (115 kB/s)                                                                                                     
Download complete and in download only mode

selanjutnya mari kita coba cek isi dari folder `/var/cache/apt/archives` maka hasilnya package dan dependency yang terdownload akan seperti dibawah

root@ubuntu:/var/cache/apt/archives# ll
total 3364
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  12288 Sep  6 22:24 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root   4096 Sep  6 22:22 ../
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 924572 Jun 13 22:08 apache2-bin_2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 162048 Jun 13 22:08 apache2-data_2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9_all.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  81812 Jun 13 22:08 apache2-utils_2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  86570 Jun 13 22:08 apache2_2.4.18-2ubuntu3.9_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  49934 Aug 17  2016 fontconfig-config_2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1_all.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  85958 Aug 21  2015 libapr1_1.5.2-3_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  10594 Apr  5  2016 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3_1.5.4-1build1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   8720 Apr  5  2016 libaprutil1-ldap_1.5.4-1build1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  77084 Apr  5  2016 libaprutil1_1.5.4-1build1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 131248 Aug 17  2016 libfontconfig1_2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 125666 Aug 27 21:38 libgd3_2.1.1-4ubuntu0.16.04.10_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  26562 Nov 10  2014 libjbig0_2.1-3.1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 110614 Jul  9 23:38 libjpeg-turbo8_1.4.2-0ubuntu3.1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   2194 Jul  9  2013 libjpeg8_8c-2ubuntu8_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 102450 Apr 14  2016 liblua5.1-0_5.1.5-8ubuntu1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 148100 Mar 26 18:53 libtiff5_4.0.6-1ubuntu0.4_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 731668 Apr  6  2016 libvpx3_1.5.0-2ubuntu1_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  33818 Feb  2  2017 libxpm4_1%3a3.5.11-1ubuntu0.16.04.1_amd64.deb
-rw-r----- 1 root root      0 Sep  6 22:24 lock
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  26614 Jul 14  2017 nginx-common_1.10.3-0ubuntu0.16.04.2_all.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 428290 Jul 14  2017 nginx-core_1.10.3-0ubuntu0.16.04.2_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   3490 Jul 14  2017 nginx_1.10.3-0ubuntu0.16.04.2_all.deb
drwx------ 2 _apt root   4096 Sep  6 22:24 partial/
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  16874 Aug 17  2015 ssl-cert_1.0.37_all.deb

yak kurang lebih sekian tutorial kali ini, semoga bermanfaat ya 😀

 

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